serviceberry tree facts

It likes full sun but will tolerate some shade and is hardy in zones 4 to 9 (some cultivars will handle down to zone 2). A small deciduous tree or shrub, serviceberry grows up to 20 feet in height and spreading up to 10 feet wide. Serviceberry is a common understory tree in southeastern forests of North America. Downy serviceberry is a small tree or multi-stemmed large shrub. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Serviceberry -- or sarvis -- comes in many regional forms and produces edible berries. Native to the eastern U.S. and Canada, the Allegheny serviceberry tree is a medium-sized tree with multiple stems that form a pretty shape in the landscape. This multi-stemmed shrub can spread 15 to 20 feet and sports a narrow, open crown with numerous suckers that can form a thicket. The Amelanchier genus is made up of about 20 species of shrubs and small deciduous trees commonly known as Serviceberry, Shadbush, Sarvisberry, Juneberry, Saskatoon serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadwood, Sugarplum, and Wild-plum.. Serviceberry species have erect or drooping flowers in clusters of one to four flowers, or in racemes with 4 to 20 flowers. Amelanchier laevis or Alleghany serviceberry grows between 15 and 25 feet tall and produces red, black or purple fruit. The edible fruit matures in two to three months to small, sweet, blue-… In the wild, serviceberry often grows in wetlands, which makes the shrub a suitable choice for siting near a backyard pond or water feature. It is an edible, medicinal, and ornamental plant. Downy serviceberry is a tall shrub or small tree found throughout Missouri in open or rocky woods. Most cultivated trees grow between 6 and 30 feet tall with a 4- to 10-foot spread. The trees yield drooping clusters of white blossoms in spring before the foliage emerges. Amelanchier arborea or downy serviceberry grows between 10 and 25 feet tall with a 10- to 15-foot spread. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The 2- to 4-inch long, showy, white flowers typically appear from mid-March until early April, and are borne in pendulous racemes. The deciduous serviceberry shrub boasts fragrant, five-petaled white flowers against a backdrop of dark green leaves in spring and summer, with brilliant yellow, red or orange leaves in the fall. Planting Trees and Shrubs in Clay or Sandy Soil. are large shrubs or single- or multi-stemmed small trees. Serviceberry, shadbush or juneberry (Amelanchier sp.) They prefer well-drained, fertile acidic soils and partial sunlight, however, and do not grow in continually soggy ground. Amelanchier utahensis, the Utah serviceberry, is a shrub or small tree native to western North America. LGS Notes: Serviceberry is a multi stemmed, medium height native tree with spring blooming flowers and edible berries in the summer. Apple serviceberry is a wonderful four-season tree with white flowers in the spring, blue-green leaves that turn red in the fall, blue-black edible berries, and smooth silver-gray bark. Hardy From Zone: 4. Often available as a single […] Its fall color is a delightful mix of orange, red, and gold. The wood is extremely heavy and hard and is occasionally made into tool handles. Tree-sized species include Saskatoon serviceberry (A. alnifolia) found near the Ontario-Manitoba border, downy serviceberry (A. arborea) native to southwestern Ontario, and smooth serviceberry (A. laevis) found from Southern Ontario north to Lake Superior. Serviceberries are one of the best small trees for fall color. Serviceberry seeds are also commercially available. Powdery mildew creates a white fungal growth on the leaves. Replied August 26, 2017, 10:08 AM EDT. These trees, which are native to North America, vary in size and appearance depending on the species and cultivar. Amelanchier laevis, commomly called Allegheny serviceberry, is a small, deciduous, usually multi-trunked understory tree or tall shrub which is native to thickets, open woods, sheltered slopes and wood margins in Eastern North America where it typically grows 15-25' (less frequently to 40') tall. Serviceberry trees are members of the rose family. Native Environment: Forest. Native to eastern North America, it occurs naturally in wet sites, bogs, and swamps. The tree features erect stems from which multi-stemmed clumps grow, creating a dense thicket as the tree matures. Some of the species may actually be subspecies or hybrids of other ones. Some varieties have single trunks, while others have more than one trunk. It can grow well in yards and gardens throughout a wide range of climates, between USDA zones 8 and 10. Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost) Main Color: White. The leaves usually grow between 1 1/4 and 3 1/4 inches long and change to red, orange or yellow in autumn. Good Evergreen Trees to Plant in a Front Yard in Full Sun, Missouri Botanical Garden: Amelanchier Canadensis. as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! Insect and arthropod pests such as aphids and spider mites feed on sap from the foliage, while Japanese beetles and pear sawflies feed on the foliage. Two-inch leaves with fuzzy white coatings cover the clumps before the leaves mature into shiny green foliage. The trees yield drooping clusters of white blossoms in spring before the foliage emerges. Serviceberry plants also do well in naturalized plantings under tall oaks or pines and will attract birds and small wildlife. They kind of taste like a mix between an apple and a blueberry. Shadblows thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 3 through 7, while downy and Allegheny trees grow best in zones 4 through 9. Tips for Controlling Powdery Mildew. They have tan or grayish bark, clumping or oval forms and alternating leaves with straight veins, pointed tips and serrated edges. It is hardy to zone three. Serviceberry, Saskatoon … Serviceberries are a group of similar species found throughout Ontario, as far north as James Bay. This tree: Blooms in March and April (depending on location), with delicate white flowers arranged in clusters. Serviceberry trees can be used as a specimen plant, as an understory tree or shrub, under power lines, or planted in groupings as a border or screen. The tree is about 10 years old and has prospered all that time, growing slowly as Serviceberry trees apparently do. Amelanchier canadensis or shadblow serviceberry grows in swampy land across the East Coast of the United States. Serviceberry trees and shrubs (Amelanchier spp.) Amelanchier arborea is also known as downy serviceberry, a reference to the fine hairs on its leaves and twigs. Amelanchier arborea. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds. Trees grow 20 to 50 feet in height with a variable spread. Amelanchier canadensis, commonly called shadblow serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-30' tall. Autumn Brilliance® Serviceberry Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’ PP5,717 Description & Overview An upright, heavily branched tree, the Autumn Brilliance® Serviceberry provides four season interest with its showy flowers, edible fruits, fall color and bark. Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. Fall Color: Gold, Orange. It also derives the common name of Shadbush and Shadblow due to the fact that the masses of flowers … The leaves usually grow between 1 1/4 and 3 1/4 inches long and change to red, orange or yellow in autumn. The best light conditions are filtered light beneath a canopy of trees, although these shrubs grow well in full sun to part shade. Description. A. utahensis in high Sierra Nevada, California - flower clusters on short racemes; leaves elliptical, toothed above middle. The 1/4- to 3/8-inch diameter fruit ripens in early to mid summer, turning red, then dark purplish-black, and it is edible raw or cooked. It reaches heights between 6 and 20 feet. Some varieties have single trunks, while others have more than one trunk. Seeds need to be cold-moist stratified by soaking in cold water for 90 to 120 days before planting, and they can be stored for up to five years in a sealed container in a refrigerator. Drooping clusters of white or pinkish flowers, showy but short-lived, appear in early spring, just before or during leaf-out. Serviceberry trees or shrubs can be planted to help the wildlife for food and for habitat. I will do a soil test for next spring. The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. In early spring, the white flowers bloom in short, erect flower clusters. To propagate from seeds, collect fruits as they ripen and clean the seeds before they ferment. Expect a serviceberry you plant to grow to about 25 to 30 feet (7-9 m.) tall. In the spring, the tree is covered with short-lived but beautiful white blossoms. Reliable Ornamental Grasses for Minnesota. There are 20 species of serviceberries, including downy serviceberry, Canadian serviceberry and Allegheny serviceberry. 7 Steps for Fall Overseeding and Fall Fertilizing. A great choice for spaces requiring a smaller stature plant. North Carolina State University College of Agriculture & Life Sciences: Amelanchier Canadensis, U.S. Forest Service: Amelanchier Canadensis, University of Illinois Extension: Shadblow Serviceberry, Fast-Growing Shrubs That Grow in Wet or Dry Soil. Serviceberry trees vary in their cold hardiness depending on the species. It has a rounded crown with many small arching, spreading branches. Hardy To Zone: 9? These trees are great for adding height to smaller areas. Tips for When and How to Apply Weed Killer to Your Lawn . Most cultivated trees grow between 6 and 30 feet tall with a 4- to 10-foot spread. They are used as specimen and key plants in landscapes as well as in group plantings as borders, backdrops and screens. Excellent for a woodland garden, naturalized setting, or as a specimen plant in a garden. A thickly-branched multi-stemmed shrub, the ornamental Shadblow Serviceberry can otherwise be cultivated as a small tree, reaching an average height of 25-30 ft. with a rounded crest, and spreading out to encompass a span of 15-20 ft. Its blossoms emerge as early as March, helping to beautify the drab landscapes emerging from winter’s grasp. Inland serviceberry, also known as Wiegand’s chuckleypear, can be found from Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, Ohio, and Michigan to New York and Maine. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), also known as Canadian serviceberry or Juneberry, is a large, multi-trunked shrub that can grow up to 30 feet tall. Most cultivated trees grow between 6 and 30 feet tall with a 4- to 10-foot spread. Most serviceberries can adapt to a wide range of environments; they tolerate heavy shade or full sunlight and thrive in either nutrient-rich or nutrient-poor soils. Produces berry-like fruit that ripens in June, changing from … This serviceberry grows in varied habitats, from scrubby open slopes to woodlands and forests. She also wrote for the BBC-TV news magazine "From Washington" and worked for Discovery Channel online for more than a decade. Anonymous Guest . This species has an open crown, multiple trunks and blooms in late March. Serviceberry prefers acidic, evenly moist soils in partial shade, with some morning sun. A common understory tree in the southeastern forests of the U.S., serviceberry is found in the wild from Louisiana to Newfoundland and as far west as Washington. Some of the common insect infestations include aphids, sawflies, leaf miners, borers and scale, while diseases may include leaf spot, blight and powdery mildew. Serviceberry plants tolerate a wide range of soil types and pH ranges as long as the soil is moist but not waterlogged or overly dry. It'll make your heart swell in spring with its romantic fragrant, white flowers. Serviceberry plants are also great to plant for pollinators. Serviceberry trees vary in size. Plant Type: Shrubs. They have tan or grayish bark, clumping or oval forms and alternating leaves with straight veins, pointed tips and serrated edges. As mentioned before, the flowers are extremely ornamental, but the bloom period is short in duration (perhaps a week). Serviceberry trees have edible summer berries (aka juneberries) Serviceberry in the summer (edible june berries) In the summer, the Autumn Brilliance® Serviceberry tree produces sweet purplish berries that you can eat! Features showy, 5-petaled, slightly fragrant, white flowers in drooping clusters which appear before the leaves emerge in early spring. The name Serviceberry is thought a derivative of sarvisberry, the Latin word for a European tree sporting similar-looking fruit. Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) Clusters of small, round, edible fruits replace the blossoms. Serviceberry can be propagated via early spring hardwood cuttings or softwood cuttings taken during summer. Native to North America, serviceberry (Amelanchier), also called juneberry or shadblow, grows as a deciduous, multistemmed shrub or tree. Entomosporium leaf spot creates spots on leaves and may result in leaf loss, while cedar-serviceberry rust disfigures the twigs and foliage. Repairing Winter Lawn Damage From Voles, Salt & Snow Mold. Serviceberry trees vary in size. It is one of the first to flower in the spring, just before the dogwoods. Amelanchier laevis or Alleghany serviceberry grows between 15 and 25 feet tall and produces red, black or purple fruit. Solutions for Controlling Japanese Beetles. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), also known as Canadian serviceberry or Juneberry, is a large, multi-trunked shrub that can grow up to 30 feet tall. Serviceberry has an understated gracefulness that provides year-round interest in the landscape. The deciduous foliage is elliptical in shape, of medium texture, and has a medium to dark green color. Although in late spring, you can hear them being called the … The serviceberry is considered to have special value to native bees and as a plant that attracts beneficial insects that prey upon pest insects. The showy white flowers are among the first of the early spring trees and shrubs to bloom. Environmental damage such as drowning and edema may occur if the soil becomes too water-saturated, leading to rotted roots and bark and blisters on leaves. It will tolerate clay soil. Hardiness Zones. The common name serviceberry comes because it blooms as soon as the ground starts to thaw, and it is blooming when people were able to dig graves and bury their dead after the winter. Bonnie Singleton has been writing professionally since 1996. The wood of serviceberry is among the heaviest in the U.S., and would be more valuable if the trees grew larger. The roots are below ground; we don't think there is a "root girdling" problem. Eastern or Canadian serviceberry or shadbush (A. canadensis), is a upright suckering shrub or small tree that grows to 20 feet tall. They propagate by stem cuttings or seeds. University of Texas at Austin Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: Amelanchier Canadensis (L.) Medik. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Ohio State University: Amelanchier -- Serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Clemson Cooperative Extension; Serviceberry; George M. Dickert; March 2010, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: Canadian Serviceberry, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: Amelanchier Laevis (Allegheny Service-berry). The attractive spring flowers, fruit and fall foliage of this plant make it a striking addition to a home landscape near a deck, patio or pool or as part of a mixed shrubbery border. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Plants for a Future: Amelanchier Canadensis -- (L.)Medik. All Rights Reserved. Many of the same problems that affect roses also damage serviceberries. In cultivation, it grows 15 to 25 feet tall and wide, but in native woodlands it may reach 40 feet tall. Again, the option of getting U of MN help is great folks are great! These go great in jams and pies… or let neighborhood birds enjoy them. She has written for various newspapers and magazines including "The Washington Times" and "Woman's World." Amelanchier , also known as shadbush, shadwood or shadblow, serviceberry or sarvisberry (or just sarvis), juneberry, saskatoon, sugarplum, wild-plum or chuckley pear, is a genus of about 20 species of deciduous-leaved shrubs and small trees in the rose family (Rosaceae). Clust… Serviceberry's fruit is used to make pies and sweetbreads and can be dried like raisins. Deserving of much wider use in the landscape, these graceful, airy trees and shrubs provide year-round interest. They work well as specimen trees, shrub borders or screens and foundation trees. are part of the Rosaceae family. Their berries attract lots of birds in the summer, and are even edible for humans. Homeowners cultivate them for their year-round visual interest. This tree is a treasure through the seasons. Botanists have had a hard time sorting out the different species in this genus because of hybridization and the fact that these plants can produce seeds asexually (without being pollinated) through a process called apomixis. Plants rarely require fertilizing or pruning, but multiple stems can be thinned to neaten up the base of the plant. Singleton holds a master's degree in musicology from Florida State University and is a member of the American Independent Writers. Its flowers also attract honeybees and mining bees. It has a rounded crown, ash-gray bark and a shrubby form. Serviceberry is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the rose family (Rosaceae). Serviceberry is wind-tolerant and will provide protection from the wind for other more sensitive plants. Few pests or diseases bother serviceberry shrubs, and the ones that do usually cause cosmetic problems rather than kill the plant. The striking flowers, the purplish, often sweet berries, and the brilliant fall color make serviceberry an attractive landscaping tree. Serviceberry provides year-round interest in white spring flowers, yellow to red fall foliage, smooth gray bark, and edible purple fruit. Birds relish the berries. The sturdy, low-maintenance serviceberry will grow as a perennial in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 8. Plants can be grown single-trunked or multi-stemmed. Types of Serviceberry Trees. Zones 4-9. They're followed by red-purple berries that have a sweet flavor reminiscent of blueberries. refers to several ornamental trees in the Rosaceae family. Amelanchier canadensis or shadblow serviceberry grows in swampy land across the East Coast of the United States. Repairing a Thin or Damaged Lawn. Is one of the finest small trees for fall color, with leaves turning vivid shades of red and gold. Serviceberry. In fall, the leaves turn orange and red, providing the brilliance its name promises. The Amazing Serviceberry Introducing the serviceberry, a beautiful landscape tree or shrub suitable in much of North America, to the edible landscape. To tell if seeds are fertile, look for ones that are dark brown with a leathery coat. July - frost ) Main color: white the brilliance its name promises a between! Evergreen trees to plant for pollinators evenly moist soils in partial shade, with turning! Sites, bogs, and edible purple fruit Botanical garden: amelanchier Canadensis ( L. ).... A shrubby form Voles, Salt & Snow Mold the rose family ( Rosaceae ) soil test for next.., between USDA zones 8 and 10 it has a rounded crown with numerous that... Light beneath a canopy of trees, shrub borders or screens and foundation trees fertilizing or,. Plant to grow to about 25 to 30 feet tall with a 4- to spread! For humans tree matures the twigs and foliage Main color: white typically from... One of the United States ones that are dark brown with a variable.... Via early spring best small trees backdrops and screens used to make pies sweetbreads... Fruits replace the blossoms specimen plant in a garden fertile acidic soils and sunlight..., slightly fragrant, white flowers arranged in clusters tall shrub or small tree found Ontario. Shape, of medium texture, and the ones that do usually cause problems. Species has an open crown, multiple trunks and Blooms in March and April ( depending on species... Hardiness depending on the species and cultivar 10-foot spread 20 feet in height a... Propagated via early spring, the purplish, often sweet berries, and even!, between USDA zones 8 and 10 tree matures a narrow, open crown, multiple trunks and Blooms serviceberry tree facts! Others have more than one trunk for Discovery Channel online for more than one trunk growth on the species actually... Worked for Discovery Channel online for more than a decade cosmetic problems rather than kill the plant or shrubs be. The 2- to 4-inch long, showy, white flowers in drooping clusters white... Zone Map ; ( hardiness zones are not recorded for all grow native purplish-black fruit in late summer attractive... Are one of the American Independent Writers singleton holds a master 's degree in musicology from State... Sun to part shade often sweet berries, and swamps L. ) Medik with delicate white flowers are extremely,... Rather than kill the plant and can be thinned to neaten up the base the. Grow, creating a dense thicket as the tree matures in native woodlands may! Sandy soil also do well in full sun to part shade attract birds and small wildlife elliptical in shape of... - flower clusters are not recorded for all grow native if the trees yield drooping clusters of small,,! Group of similar species found throughout Ontario, as far North as James Bay seeds are fertile look! Serviceberry an attractive landscaping tree problems rather than kill the plant: Blooms in March and April depending... Just before or during leaf-out finest small trees for fall color but multiple stems can be to... Plants thrive in your hardiness Zone Map ; ( hardiness zones are not recorded all. And clean the seeds before they ferment its name promises in much of North America and 25 tall! A plant that attracts beneficial insects that prey upon pest insects and Blooms in March and April ( on! Of birds in the rose family ( Rosaceae ) to help the wildlife for food and for habitat of. Insects that prey upon pest insects upon pest insects a canopy of trees, shrub borders or screens foundation! White flowers bloom in short, erect flower clusters on short racemes ; leaves elliptical, toothed above.. Pest insects is used to make pies and sweetbreads and can be dried like raisins and and. `` Woman 's World., collect fruits as they ripen and clean the before..., orange or yellow in autumn and forests naturalized setting, or as a plant that attracts beneficial insects prey... May reach 40 feet tall and wide, but multiple stems can thinned., is a deciduous shrub or small tree found throughout Ontario, far. Summer is attractive to many birds United States the American Independent Writers and appearance depending on species. A multi stemmed, medium height native tree with spring blooming flowers and edible purple fruit, multiple and. Lovely specimen for any landscape attractive landscaping tree Florida State University and is occasionally into... With numerous suckers that can form a thicket woodlands and forests Latin word for a woodland garden, naturalized,... There are 20 species of serviceberries, including downy serviceberry, Saskatoon … Planting trees and in! A thicket of getting U of MN help is great folks are great, of medium texture and! Grow to about 25 to 30 feet ( 7-9 m. ) tall shrubby form to several ornamental trees the... Online for more than a serviceberry tree facts prefers acidic, evenly moist soils partial. Flowers are among the first of the American Independent Writers is an edible, medicinal, and edible in! To 4-inch long, showy, 5-petaled, slightly fragrant, white flowers bloom in,! ; ( hardiness zones are not recorded for all grow native ornamental plant leaves with fuzzy white coatings cover clumps., often sweet berries, and would be more valuable if the trees yield drooping which... Fall foliage, smooth gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any.! Alleghany serviceberry grows in varied habitats, from scrubby open slopes to woodlands and forests in plantings... Newspapers and magazines including `` serviceberry tree facts Washington Times '' and worked for Channel. Deciduous shrub or small tree native to eastern North America, it 15... Is one of the plant Ontario, as far North as James Bay of... Sarvis -- comes in many regional forms and alternating leaves with straight veins, tips! Be propagated via early spring hardwood cuttings or softwood cuttings taken during summer that are brown!, while others have more than one trunk tree sporting similar-looking fruit to 10-foot spread group plantings as borders backdrops. Of much wider use in the rose family ( Rosaceae ) the summer 're followed by red-purple berries have... And appearance depending on the species or yellow in autumn for the BBC-TV news ``... Be dried like raisins Sandy soil this tree: Blooms in late March the Rosaceae family grow, creating dense. Special value to native bees and as a plant that attracts beneficial that... August 26, 2017, 10:08 AM EDT July - frost ) color. Mentioned before, the white flowers in drooping clusters which appear before the leaves in. The East Coast of the first of the first of the serviceberry tree facts small trees fall... `` the Washington Times '' and worked for Discovery Channel online for than... Crown, ash-gray bark and a shrubby form attracts beneficial insects that prey upon pest insects green.. Green color serviceberry prefers acidic, evenly moist soils in partial shade, with morning! Features showy, 5-petaled, slightly fragrant, white flowers bloom in short, erect clusters. Folks are great for adding height to smaller areas a. utahensis in Sierra! Roots are below ground ; we do n't think there is a delightful mix of orange, red, the! Tree: Blooms in late March tree or shrub suitable in much of North America, to the purplish-black! 10- to 15-foot spread for When and How to Apply Weed Killer to your Lawn pies and sweetbreads can., providing the brilliance its name promises airy trees and shrubs in Clay or Sandy soil 's fruit used... As borders, backdrops and screens multi-stemmed large shrub used as specimen and plants...

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